20 Fenchurch Street
Architect. Refael Viñoly Architects
Function. Lead Architect: Rolando Rodriguez Leal
Type. Architecture, Office Building
Location. London, UK
Client. Land Securities PLC
Size. 104,520 sqm
The innovative concept for of 20 Fenchurch Street departs from conventional architectural expression by enlarging the floor plates at the top of the building, creating additional floor area to the valuable upper stories. The tower is crowned by a three-level Sky Garden, London’s first free, public green space and observation deck at the top of a building.
The building comprises 32 levels of Grade A office space, a double height ground-floor lobby, and the public Sky Garden with 360-degree views of the city; landscaped gardens; an open-air terrace, and two restaurants. The tower ascends to a height of 160 meters (525 feet) and its curved profile makes it a distinctive addition to the skyline. The form of the building completes an existing arc created by the profile of the Eastern Cluster of towers, forming a clear link with the Thames River.
Vertical façade louvers provide sun shading on the east and west elevations and follow the fanning form and organic curves of the building as they open out and wrap over the roof and Sky Garden. The north and south elevations feature extensive glazing to maximize views, while the curtain wall on the upper floors of the north façade extends to the roof louvers arched above, providing a large urban window spanning the full height of the Sky Garden.
Completed in 2014, this innovative project combines public and private spaces, offering stunning views of London and a new landmark for the capital.
Rolando has joined the project at detail design stage and was in charge of the external envelope.
All images by Rafael Vigñoly Architects